Summary of the Bosnian Genocide

The Bosnian genocide occured in Bosnia and the concentration camp of Srebenica from 1992-1995. Non-Serbian civilian populations were targeted, mostly Bosniak males from the ages of 12-60. These atrocities were orchestrated by Slovadon Milosevic, Radavon Karadzi, Ratko Mladic, and the Serbs who followed them. Bystanders of the genocide where the US under President George H. Bush, The United Nations, and the civilian population of Sarajevo. A hero emerged eventually fwith the US under Bill Clinton, air strikes and coalition military action ended the genocide and NATO's deployment of 60,000 troops to maintain a cease fire. It is estimated that 200,000 people were killed.

Staub interpretation

Ervin Staub’s book, The Roots of Evil, looks at the correlation between common factors that predispose a society to turn to mistreatment and genocide. He also illustrates that disruption of these actions are necessary to alleviate the suffering, stop the atrocities, and diffuse these situations. Staub outlines cultural/personal preconditions and social-political organizations as some of the principle factors needed to escalate societies into genocide (Staub 21-2, 233). The Bosnian genocide fits both these catgories. One of the main factors leading up to the Bosnian genocide began with the break up of the former Yugoslavia, a country which was byproduct of the rewriting of the map after WWI. Previously held together as a united country under the strong, communist leadership of Josip Tito, Yugoslavia was made up of several different cultures and religions together. Upon the death of Tito this managerie of cultures disintergrated into chaos. These cultural/religious differences led to historical hatreds and rivalries being rekindled (Staub 233). Coupled with this is the emergence of a strong, new Serbian leader of Slobadon Milosevic, who provided the poltical fodder for the genocide to occur (Staub 233). Milosevic exploited these historical rivalries. Meanwhile the regions of Slovenia and Bosnia attempted to assert there independence and form independent nations. While both were recognized by the United Nations as gaining their independence, Slovenia was allowed by Milosevic to attain their independence but Bosnia became a target. Citing the population of Serbian Christians living in Bosnia Milosevic began inciting rage in the Christians who were were supposedly and ficticiuosly being oppressed by the Muslim Bosnians. Milosevic used this as his justification to begin his tyrrannical oppression of the native Albian Muslim population there. He ignited the public and most of the modern world into a frenzy with false accusations of mistreatment by the Muslims against the Christians. Under the pacifistic gaze of the United Nations, Milosevic and his army began a systematic campaign of relocation, terror, rape, and murder against ethnic Albanian Muslims as much of the civiled world turned a blind eye. It wasn't until the World press began airing displays of sniper assassinations upon civilians, even children, evidence of mass graves surfacing, and UN peacekeepers being taken hostage that the publicity of the events finally caused world wide outrage. Under pressure from around the world to stop the slaughter the UN, the US and other nations took military action against Slovadon Milosevic and Serbian Army and began making political attempts to stop the genocide.

Book: Staub, Ervin. The Roots of Evil: The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

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